A new batch of dating services are cropping up that push back on the infamous swipe. The concept of swiping through profile pictures became a new normal for dating apps -- but it places the emphasis on physical appearance in the search for love, or hookups.
About 70% of the victims were female; more than half were women 40 years or older.
In a typical con, the perpetrator will spend weeks or even months building up a romantic relationship with a victim through e-mails, texts or phone calls, before eventually asking for money.
And many of the scammers aren't even in the United States.
But Hotline founder Sam Ballantyne, who turns 28 on Valentine's Day, set out to do the opposite.
He created the app to introduce as much "friction" as possible into dating so people only interact with each other "when they really want to." Ballantyne said the idea for Hotline actually came after matching with a woman on Tinder last April.